Newton's Fiscal, Sao Tome Fiscal Shrike, So Tom Fiscal, Sao Tome Fiscal, Sao Tom Fiscal Shrike, So Tom Fiscal Shrike

Newton's Fiscal, Sao Tome Fiscal Shrike, So Tom Fiscal, Sao Tome Fiscal, Sao Tom Fiscal Shrike, So Tom Fiscal Shrike

Artist: Vicky Earle
Dimensions: 8 in. x 8 in.
 
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Newton's Fiscal, Sao Tome Fiscal Shrike, So Tom Fiscal, Sao Tome Fiscal, Sao Tom Fiscal Shrike, So Tom Fiscal Shrike by Vicky Earle
Species Info
Status: 
Critically Endangered
Family: 
LANIIDAE
Order: 
PASSERIFORMES
Genus: 
Lanius
Species: 
newtoni
Population trend: 
decreasing
Authority: 
Barboza du Bocage, 1891
Common names (Fre): 
Pie-griche de So Tom
Medium: 
Watercolor
Artist Statement: 
This critically endangered fiscal shrike is found only on São Tomé, a small African island nation in the Gulf of Guinea. Shrikes are noted for their habit of catching insects and impaling uneaten portions on thorns. This bird prefers undisturbed lowland and middle-altitude primary rainforest, mainly under closed canopy. Historically, large areas of lowland and mid-altitude forest were cleared on São Tomé for cocoa and coffee plantations. Today, land privatisation is leading to an increase in the number of small farms and continued clearance of trees. Suitable habitat for this species, including that in protected areas, is affected by illegal logging and palm-wine harvesting activities. The current population of Newton’s fiscal is between 50 and 250 individuals. We can all take positive action for endangered species by being aware of the products we purchase (like coffee, cocoa and products with palm oil) and ensure production adheres to environmentally friendly practices.