The Akepa is native to the Hawaiian Islands. Its name, Akepa, means quick and nimble. Only four inches long, the females are green and the males are bright orange. It uses its small crossbill to break open seedpods and flowers. The nectar of the Ohia flower attracts a feast of insects. Akepas nest in naturally occurring cavities in very old single truck Ohia or Koa trees. Many decades of destruction of the under-story of the forests have resulted in many more multi-truncked trees with fewer cavities for favorable nesting sites. Long-term breeding and conservation efforts will only improve with habitat protection.