Cherished by Hawaiians the Palila is now isolated and struggling to survive. The Palila is found in one 25 square mile area on the upper slopes of the Big Island of Hawaii. Listed under the Endangered Species Act since its inception the Palila is one of the most rare species in the United States. The Palila feed exclusively on the seed and flowers of the Mamane tree. Non-native plants and grassing animals have destroyed its feeding and breeding areas. Long an intricate part of the Hawaiian culture the Hawaiian people are hopeful they will be able to preserve their beloved Palila.